Rural Food Business Toolkit
Lone Tree Foods
Starting Your Business
Nebraska One Stop Business: https://www.nebraska.gov/osbr/index.cgi
Starting a Business in Nebraska: http://www.revenue.nebraska.gov/business/bus_regist.html
Nebraska Business Licensing and Permits: http://www.nebraska.gov/business/business-licensing/
Cooperative Development Services: http://www.cdsus.coop/
Nebraska Food Code: http://dhhs.ne.gov/publichealth/Documents/Food_Service_Code_Book.pdf
Nebraska Pure Food Act: http://food.unl.edu/documents/actaw.pdf
Nebraska Requirements for Food Establishment Operations: http://www.nda.nebraska.gov/publications/foods/preopenlist.html
How it works and what coverage is right for you:
All prepared food items must have all ingredients listed, including ingredients of ingredients. For instance, if soy sauce is an ingredient in your food item, the ingredients for the soy sauce must also be listed. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has guidelines of how this must be done.
Labeling & Nutrition Guidance: https://www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/guidancedocumentsregulatoryinformation/labelingnutrition/default.htm
Small Entity Compliance Guide: https://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/ucm402549.htm
The FDA requires that all food manufacturers whose products would carry a gluten-free label to be able to prove that their product is gluten-free. Gluten-free foods have a limit of containing gluten in less than 20 parts per million (ppm). This applies to any food product that is labeled as “gluten-free,” “no gluten,” “free of gluten,” or “without gluten”. Food manufacturers may choose to use effective quality control tools to ensure that any foods they label gluten-free do not contain 20 ppm or more gluten, such as in-house testing, third-party laboratory testing, or becoming a certified gluten-free facility.
Gluten-Free Labeling of Food: https://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/Allergens/ucm362510.htm
Gluten-Free Food Labeling Questions and Answers: https://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/Allergens/ucm362880.htm
The USDA regulates use of the organic on labels. If you are not certified, you must not make any organic claim on the principal display panel or use the USDA organic seal anywhere on the package. You may only, on the information panel, identify the certified organic ingredients as organic and the percentage of organic ingredients.
Organic Labeling: https://www.ams.usda.gov/rules-regulations/organic/labeling
Product Related Definitions
Organic products are grown without the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Organic meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products come from animals that are given no antibiotics or growth hormones.
The USDA oversees organic standards and certification.
Organic Regulations: https://www.ams.usda.gov/rules-regulations/organic
Organic Certification: https://www.ams.usda.gov/services/organic-certification
Certified Naturally Grown
Certified Naturally Grown is a third-party non-profit certification process for smaller-scale farmers that use organic practices but find the paperwork and costs associated with becoming Certified Organic prohibitive. Certification requires the same standards as the USDA’S National Organic Program.
Fair Trade is a movement that unites marginalized farmers and producers with traders and consumers in a commitment to fairness, equity, and environmental stewardship. Fair Trade Certification most directly applies to internationally traded commodities such as coffee, tea, chocolate, and sugar.
Fair Trade Federation: http://www.fairtradefederation.org/
World Fair Trade Organization: http://wfto.com/
Domestic Fair Trade Association: http://www.thedfta.org/
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are living organisms whose genetic material has been artificially manipulated in a laboratory through genetic engineering. This creates combinations of plant, animal, bacteria and viral genes that do not occur in nature or through traditional crossbreeding methods.
Ingredients at high risk of containing GMOs include Alfalfa, Canola, Corn, Cotton, Papaya, Soy, Sugar Beets, Zucchini, and Yellow Summer Squash.
In the absence of GMO-labeling laws, the only way for customers to be certain that a product is GMO-free is to be Certified Organic, or obtain certification through third-party organizations such as the Non-GMO Project.
Non-GMO Project: https://www.nongmoproject.org/
Artificial growth hormones, such as Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin (rBST), are used to stimulate growth and milk production in food-producing animals. Questions and controversy over the impacts of these added hormones on human development and health continue.
Cage-Free / Free-Range / Pasture-Raised
Cage-Free means that the fowl are not kept in battery cages; Free-Range means that fowl had access to the outdoors; Pasture-Raised means that the fowl had ample space and time to roam outdoors.